Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Technology Based Agricultural Productivity-Indo-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce

The issue of food losses is of high importance in the efforts to combat hunger, raise income and improve food security in the world’s poorest countries. Food losses have an impact on food security for poor people, on food quality and safety, on economic development and on the environment. Economically avoidable food losses have a direct and negative impact on the income of both farmers and consumers. Given that many smallholders live on the margins of food insecurity, a reduction in food losses could have an immediate and significant impact on their livelihoods. For poor consumers (food insecure or at-risk households), the priority is clearly to have access to food products that are nutritious, safe and affordable. It is important to note that food insecurity is often more a question of access (purchasing power and prices of food) than a supply problem.

Demand of Promoting entrepreneurs in Agriculture sector
Hence its high time that countries across the globe promote entrepreneurship in agri sector. Chamber of commerce plays a pivotal role in bridging these gaps and sharing cross border agricultural production process and knowhow. It will also promote investment climate and also sustainable income generation over the long term for the investors. FDI investments would change the landscape of agricultural production when young educated people will join the framers bandwagon. Well this might sound out of the box but what I am about to discuss here is that over the next 10 years the technology market would change dramatically and we would be data driven economy where everything will be calculated in advance before the human mind could make the decision. We need technology to be engraved within agriculture and then only we will find today’s entrepreneurs become attractive towards the industry.

Why Brazil?
The Brazilian agricultural sector has been transformed from a traditional system of production with low use of modern technologies to a world agricultural leader. Between 1985 and 2006, Brazilian agricultural production grew by 77 percent and Brazil emerged as a major international agricultural exporter. This is the reason why Indo-Brazilian chamber of commerce should be the best game changer for the Indian agricultural industry. With the world’s largest arable land area of 76 million hectares (IBGE, 2010), fi fth largest population base (FAO, 2011), and strong record of agricultural production and exports, the attention focused on the country is not surprising.Brazil’s agricultural development is a result of sustained investments in science and technology that led to a stream of new technologies.

Agricultural farming should be promoted in such a way that young tech savvy generations could easily grab the stupendous opportunity of cultivation. In my recent research I have found that technology based cultivation process could excite the opportunities for young entrepreneurs to come and join agricultural sector. Big data analytics tools and techniques using algorithms could transform the agricultural landscape across the globe. Indo-Brazilian chamber of commerce could create synergies of transforming the knowledge of agricultural process followed with entrepreneurs coming into one platform to create new dimensions to the agriculture segment. My research is focused towards the next 10 years down the line where Micro chips would be the best friend of human mankind. Indo-Brazilian chamber of commerce plays fragile role in uplifting the agricultural productivity landscape of both the countries.

Technology Revolution for Agriculture sector-Indo-Brazilian Support Required
Before we get into the steps of creating growth opportunities for Brazil and India we need to have a quick look towards the history of agricultural productivity.
1700s (Subsistence Farming): Farmers produced the minimum amount of food necessary to feed their families and have some in reserve for the cold winter months.
1800s (Farming for Profit): This era marked the transition from subsistence farming to for-profit farming. This is when the widespread use of barns began, for the purpose of storing tools, crops, and related equipment. These were called pioneer farms.
Early 1900s (Power Farming): At this time, the “power” came in the form of 1,800- pound horses. The farmers used animals for plowing, planting, and transporting crops. The use of animal labor drove the first significant increase in crop productivity.
Mid- to late 1900s (Machine Farming): Sparked by the Industrial Revolution, this era’s farmers relied on the automation of many of the tasks formerly done by hand or animal. The addition of machinery created tremendous gains in productivity and quality.
This shows the maturity of the agriculture market over the last few 300 years and now the time has come to create revolution through inviting entrepreneurs into this platform. Data would be used to enrich a current business process, but not necessarily change the process but Indo-Brazilian Chamber of commerce could strike a deal of change.  Skills advanced proven technological advancements, innovative organic productivity and making the process of cultivation to be data driven and satellite linked based reports. Data should be used as key raw material for increasing the business and making the process of cultivation attractive to budding young generation.

The time has come when I will share few processes of enriched Brazilian and Indian technology and investments initiatives which can be taken to make agriculture to be a tech related job opportunity and entrepreneurship platform.  
If you could understand that how to use geospatial information for enhancing productivity which is a different proposition then this industry would be one of the best industries for the global economy to grow. Remember that agri-income are 100% tax free hence one can measure the cumulative growth of his investments over the long term particularly the entrepreneurs
Few of the key technological based data driven farming process where apiece of a MICRO CHIP plated in the grounds could provide efficient information about soil and plant. This saves cost and also saves humans from the inorganic affects of farming. Now if I tell you few of the systems of capturing the farm data which could improvise the agricultural process of cultivation and making it attractive proposition for entrepreneurs
Yield monitoring: Track crop yield by time or distance, as well as distance and bushels per load, number of loads, and fields.
Yield mapping: Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, along with yield monitors, provide spatial coordinates, which can be used to map entire fields.
Variable-rate fertilizer: Managing the application of a variety of fertilizer materials.
Weed mapping: Mapping weeds using a computer connected to a GPS receiver while adjusting the planting strategy, as needed.
Variable spraying: Once you know weed locations from weed mapping, spot control can be practiced.
Topography and boundaries: Creating highly accurate topographic maps using a Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS). This data can be used to take action on yield maps.
Salinity mapping: This is valuable in interpreting yield maps and weed maps, as well as tracking the salinity over a period of time.
Guidance systems: Guidance systems, such as DGPS (accurate to a foot or less) are valuable for assessing fields.
Records and analyses: Large data collection is necessary to store pertinent data assets, along with images and geospatial information. It is important that this information can be archived and retrieved for future use.
Well the above one are the few of the metrics which needs to be adopted into technology based agri-cultivation where Indo-Brazilian chamber of commerce can play a significant role just creating synergies of knowledge and information. Capturing the farm data and using the same through apps and technology based driven process is the key to success of the agricultural output.
But the opportunity does not end here but it starts from here. Lack of digital equipment, lack of skilled technology labor, poor distribution of electricity, and poorly defined processes are the opportunities of creating value by the Indo-Brazilian Chamber of commerce. We need to foreign intellectual capital, investments and innovations process on different climates and lands for the success of bringing change in agricultural productivity.
Developing sensing equipments: Mounted devices on machinery, in fields, or anywhere near crops could be designed to collect/stream data or to control the application of water, pesticides, etc. This could range from instrumented tractors for harvesting to devices to monitor crop transpiration.
Geographic Information System (GIS): GIS assesses changes in the environment, tracks the spread of disease, as well as understanding where soil is moist, eroded, or has experienced similar changes in condition. Once you know weed locations from weed mapping, spot control can be implemented.

This process would drive new shapes and opportunities for cultivations. Real time decision making and also the biggest advantage of control of loss is going to be the key factor behind data driven cultivation. Variable productivity and efficient utilization of organic items would change the efficiency of cultivation followed with minimal loss to the human mankind. Export and interchange of intellectual capital would open new gates for Brazil and India in terms of agri-productivity.

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